In Tom Robbins’ book, Jitterbug Perfume, the sign over the doorway into Hell reads:
It’s really excellent advice. But in the realms of physics and engineering, there is a great deal of effort being directed at, if not for everyone to simply cheer up, at least to provide for some buoyancy or uplift of all the burdens with which we’ve saddled ourselves.
[4/1/05] Several years ago, Joe Firmage  asked the question of "at what moment in history" would an extraterrestrial civilization want to contact us. His "First Test" was that of "A Coherent Civilization" -- suggesting at the same time that we may be some ways away from being grown up enough to have anyone want to drop by and say hello! His "Third Test" however, was "Learning to Break the Gravity Well." The sense was that until we are able to legitimately enter the ranks of spacefarers, we need a "counterforce to Newtonian gravity". He goes on to say, "Accepting that in a large spinning mass, gravity is not just an attractive force, then some exotic kinds of propulsion -- at least near stars -- are at least possible."
To pass this test, something on the order of Inertial Propulsion might be necessary, or we may even have to resort to travel via Wormholes . The latter includes levity as the counterforce to gravity -- particularly in the prevention of wormhole collapse while one is still in the wormhole. Don't you just hate a premature wormhole collapse!
Serious research efforts are being conducted on what is ostensibly anti-gravity (aka levitation) devices by numerous individuals, groups and other organizations, including <http://jnaudin.free.fr/>. Also, <http://www.americanantigravity.com/> and <http://www.tdimension.com/>. [The Naudin website also provides a convenient link <http://jnaudin.free.fr/html/meg.htm> to Thomas E. Bearden, et al’s “The MEG paper : Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum”.] Less seriously, one must wonder what the Anti-Gravity Defamation League is doing about all of this!
The American Anti-Gravity folks discuss what they call the Biefeld-Brown effect. In essence, this is a combination of two elements creating “a low-efficiency, high-voltage air-gap capacitor in which the difference in geometries between the two capacitive elements generates a net-directional force from the larger element towards the smaller element.” In his Technology Overview, Tim Ventura goes on to note that when a voltage is applied to microscopically thin layers of such metals at magnesium and bismuth, the layered metals would move -- “and in some cases levitate.” [emphasis added]
This capacitor/levitation combination may be related to the Ark of the Covenant, where according to Laurence Gardner , “Apart from being a superconductor, with the ORME, the Ark is also constructed like a capacitor. Double plated - inside and out - with pure gold, and an acacia wood sandwiched insulator. Top of solid gold plate with a cherubim electrode at each end (presumably connected to the negative and positive platings).” It might be wise for researchers in this field to consider using more expensive materials (i.e. gold) in their experiments -- although this might be a bit more difficult to sell to funding agencies. (I certainly wouldn’t trust any of those experimentalists!)
On the other hand, there might be certain, additional dangers associated with any attempt to replicate the levitational characteristics of the Ark, inasmuch as Gardner has also noted that, “God was said to reside between the cherubim above the Ark -- and that elsewhere it is said that God is Light. The power of the Ark was regarded as his awesome judgment, and with all this electron energy playing such a major part...”
A word to the wise is perhaps sufficient. But there are also additional considerations. Levitation or lift (aka anti-gravity) is one thing; Inertial Propulsion may be quite another. In the anti-gravity mode, one still needs something to push against.
With Inertial Propulsion, the whole of the universe is connected via inertia (and Mach’s Principle), Connective Physics, and the like, with the result of being able to propel an object without pushing against anything. Not pushing against anything, incidentally, includes ejecting other materials (with much less mass, but much higher velocities) in the opposite direction of the desired travel, i.e., rockets. Everything known by the public-state-of-the-art technologies (as distinct from the secret-state-of-the-art technologies), from rockets to paddling canoes, require reaction mass. An inertia system might not. The critical question is whether or not the so-called anti-gravity schemes include in some cases the ability to attain a propulsive effect without the use of reaction mass.
Alternatively, Hal Puthoff has suggested in Gravitation Revisited that “gravitation may not be a fundamental interaction at all, but rather an induced effect brought about by changes” by the Zero-Point Field. Inertia itself becomes instead a “distortion of the ZPF vector components at very high frequencies.”
For the more conspiracy-oriented individuals, journalist (not scientist) Nick Cook has written in The Hunt for Zero Point that following a decade’s research on the subject, he a has become convinced that the United States has since the 1950s been seriously working on anti-gravity “electrogravitics technology, which would lift and propel vehicles without wings or thrust.” Moreover, much of the serious research may have been based on Nazi WWII studies. There is, indeed, the strong suspicion that given the incredible wealth of scientific data and technology, as well as the means of the greatest nation on earth to fund and maintain silence about new technologies, that levitating or anti-gravity vehicles are almost certainly a reality -- just a reality carefully, very carefully, hidden from view.
Cook has allegedly uncovered in a remote area of Poland, reports about Nazi research vehicles, which utilized massive quantities of electricity -- a critical ingredient in any electrogravitic experiment. This and other data, however, did not exactly make the front page -- allegedly because it was immediately stamped “top secret”, by the U.S. And of course, the U.S. is known to have heavily funded “black projects” -- the evidence being limited, however, to the fact the Department of Defense’s budget for public programs doesn’t add up to the total amount of money budgeted for defense. (Considering the current state of accounting practices in the country, however, such a lack of balancing the books might of little or no significance.) In either case, what is in the “black projects” is anyone’s guess. (Which is why they’re called “black projects”!)
Finally, it might be worthwhile consider some of Tom Bearden’s thoughts on “Lifter Technology”, quoted from: <http://www.americanantigravity.com/bearden.html>. [Oliver Heaviside is the man who restricted Maxwell’s quaternion equations -- see section on Hyperdimensional Physics.]
Oliver Heaviside realized belatedly that “his extra energy flow component (which flowed in closed loops, in his theory) had gravitational significance.” After his death, his hand written notes were found, which developed “his theory of unified electrogravitation, with that extra component of energy now converted to a gravitational component. See E. R. Laithwaite, Oliver Heaviside --- establishment shaker, Electrical Review, 211(16), Nov. 12, 1982, p. 44-45. Laithwaite felt that Heaviside’s postulation that a flux of electro-gravitational energy combines with the (E´H) electromagnetic energy flux, could shake the foundations of physics. This is interesting and possibly of great significance, because of the tremendous magnitude of that long-neglected excess energy flow component.”
“In addition to publishing a paper on the potential significance of Heaviside's gravitational work, Laithwaite even suggested that Newton's laws of motion might be in trouble. A presentation of this work to the Royal Institution in 1973 and a demonstration using a heavy gyroscope to prove it to the assembled Royal Institution members, led to the rather abrupt curtailment of Laithwaite's rising career. During the lecture he simply showed them that a very heavy gyroscope, difficult to lift when not turning, could be lifted easily with one hand when turning at speed. Anyone could try it for himself. For the first time in its 200 year history, the Royal Institution did not publish a proceedings of an invited discourse -- that one by Laithwaite in 1973. Laithwaite's rise toward grander things was ended.” [emphasis added]
Bearden also visited Transdimensional Technologies <http://www.tdimension.com/>, where he was able to examine the equipment and witness a demonstration. On that basis he has personally vouched that “this experimentation is for real.” “The rotor was tested in vacuum, to prove it is not an ion wind effect.” He was also acquainted with NASA's Breakthrough Propulsion Program (BPP), established in 1996, where research had shown that “the myth that the lifters could work by ion wind effects has been disproved. Apparently two or more conferences have been held under the auspices of the BPP each year, with papers given and experimental results presented. The real problem in the area seems to be that no one yet has a truly viable theory, although several have been advanced, at least tentatively.”
Finally, Bearden has described an antigravity experiment he designed along with Floyd Sweet in 1984. According to Bearden, “the experiment did reduce the weight of an object (the power device) on the bench by 90%, at a power level of 1,000 watts.” The results were published in a paper authored by Floyd Sweet and T. E. Bearden, "Utilizing Scalar Electromagnetics to Tap Vacuum Energy" [Proceedings of the 26th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (IECEC '91), Boston, Massachusetts, 1991, p. 370-375.] Bearden wrote the paper, but “placed Sweet's name first, which was appropriate since he invented the VTA (vacuum triode amplifier) being used to perform the experiment with a new output section I convinced him to make. Unfortunately, much of the secret of how Sweet activated his barium ferrite magnets into such powerful self-oscillation was lost when Sweet later died.”
 Joe Firmage, "Kairos -- Tests for when the UFOs will want to contact us", previously on the web, 1997.
 Lawrence H. Ford and Thomas A. Roman, "Negative Energy, Wormholes and Warp Drive, Scientific American, January 2000.
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