In historical times, the Earth was Moonless. What? Is nothing sacred? You’re telling us that the Moon -- that really big, bright orb periodically up in the sky -- is a newcomer to the environs of Earth? Surely, you jest.
According to <http://www.varchive.org/itb/sansmoon.htm> and other sources, there are currently four (make that five) theories of the origin of the moon:
1) The Moon originated at the same time as the Earth, being formed substantially from the same material, aggregating and solidifying in orbit. [Boring!]
2) The Moon was formed not in the vicinity of the Earth, but in a different part of the solar system (or galaxy), and was later captured by the Earth. [Better.]
3) The Moon was originally a portion of the terrestrial crust and was torn out, after the formation of the Earth, leaving behind the bed of the Pacific Ocean. [Possibly, but the special effects would be tough to duplicate.]
4) The Moon is an artificial satellite, which was brought into the vicinity of Earth by extraterrestrials in order to carry out some unknown agenda. [Yes!]
5) The Moon is made of green cheese, and was placed in space as a NASA PR stunt. [Tell George. He just might believe it.]
By the way, the name is not “Surely”.
Giordano Bruno (a 16th century Italian philosopher) is reputed to have written in De Immenso: (Bk IV, x, pp. 56-57): “There are those who have believed that there was a certain time (as our Mythologian says) when the moon, which was believed to be younger than the sun, was not yet created. The Arcadians, who dwelt not far from the Po, are believed to have been in existence before it (the moon).” “Theodorus writes in his first book that the moon had appeared a little while before the war which was fought by Hercules against the giants. Aristochius and Dionysius Chalcidensis, in the first of their works, confirm the same.” “Mnaseas said that the Arcadians were born before the moon, and so they were called ‘proselenian’; meaning, ‘before the moon’.” 
Bruno goes on to step upon the sensibilities of future scholars by noting that, “the earth, which is of the same species as the moon, is of creatable and destructible substance, and is truly animal and even mortal, although divine. Therefore, the planets (worlds) are able to be created and destroyed, and it is not possible that they have been eternal, since we have proved them to be alterable and consisting of changing parts.”  [emphasis added]
Velikovsky <http://www.varchive.org/itb/sansmoon.htm> has discussed this same idea by noting that one of the most remote recollections of mankind is in regard to the period of Earth’s history when it was Moonless. Velikovsky quotes everyone from Democritus and Anaxagoras to Aristotle and Apollonius of Rhodes to show that such a pre-Hellenic time existed. Those humans living at the time were called Pelasgians, Proselenes (“before the Moon”), and Arcadians (pre-Danai and pre-Deukalion). They were said to have dwelt in the mountains, fed on acorns, and lived as aborigines. [See below.]
Plutarch, Hippolytus, Censorinus, and a doubting Lucian wrote of pre-Lunar people, as did Ovid, who said that the Arcadians possessed their land before the birth of Jove, and were older than the Moon. There are even Biblical references (Job 25:5 and Psalm 72:5) which allude to a Moonless Earth -- or at least can be so interpreted. Finally, the memory of a Moonless Earth is contained in the oral traditions of such Indians as those of the Bogota highlands in the eastern Cordilleras of Columbia, i.e. according to tribesmen of Chibchas, “In the earliest times, when the moon was not yet in the heavens.”
The references to the aboriginal nature of the pre-Moon folk, and the fact they lived before “the birth of Jove” is particularly noteworthy. While Velikovsky and those scholars suggesting a Moonless Earth time, have never made the apparent connection to Sumerian records and the Anunnaki, many of whom of the latter have a date of birth (or arrival in the environs of Earth) which would have occurred after the time of some of Earth’s original aborigines. In fact, the time of a Moonless Earth might likely correspond to the time when Homo Erectus was roaming about the planet, dwelling in mountains, eating acorns, and becoming the archetype for future aborigines. The possible assumption that the Arcadians were a civilization is without confirming evidence. In addition, the habit of Sumerians to consider civilization and the world as an interchangeable term, does not eliminate an Arcadian “civilization” as being essentially an aboriginal one. Meanwhile, all the histories tie together, all the pieces of the puzzle fit -- provided, of course, there is no recarving of the puzzles to make them fit in an incorrect position.
Given the distinct possibility of the Moon being a relative newcomer to its orbit around the Earth, an arrival apparently prior to the Anunnaki of Sumerian history, one might even consider seriously the even more radical suggestion of the Moon being artificial. In the section on Lunatics, we considered this possibility of a Moon being the ideal space ship, wherein one has all the comforts of home (including a vast collection of kitchen sinks), and at the same time, can enjoy an observational status wherein no one else (in particular, arrogant humans) even suspects the existence of a nearby extraterrestrial intelligence.
Is it possible that the Moon arrived with the Anunnaki -- either initially, or later when it was apparent that an off-planet base was essential? Is this their “home away from home”, from which they could observe the going ons down below, while still enjoying a privacy from prying human eyes? Zecharia Sitchin  and others have noted that there were Anunnaki “watchers” in the space surrounding the Earth -- and while it might be assumed they were in artificial satellites in near-Earth orbit, no one appears [until the writing of this essay] to have considered that the artificial satellite upon which the Anunnaki were doing their watching (and administering the trans-shipments of Gold back to Nibiru) was in fact the Moon! And yet it makes total sense.
Adam and Eve being Lunatics is one case in point, where perhaps the genetic work of Enki and Ninki was being conducted in an off-Earth-site location. The fact that Adam may have been preaching a worship of the Moon, is just more evidence of his possible birthplace, and the location of his acknowledged creators.
Richard Hoagland <http://www.lunaranomalies.com> has suggested that the distinct differences between the near and far sides of the Moon may be the result of interplanetary (or interstellar) war damages -- one side being blasted into “seas”, while the far side has no such, similar “damage”! There is also the War of the Titans, and all sorts of warfare going on among the Anunnaki, especially Enki and Enlil, in the earlier times.
It might appear ancient history has not even begun to scratch the surface of possibilities of Anunnaki residing on the Moon in the early days (as well as now?), in a continuing series of “Prime Directive” Violations. It is even possible that Hoagland’s lunar anomalies are the remnants of that Anunnaki war, and that there is still Anunnaki in residence on “our” Moon. Suddenly, the “Man in the Moon” takes on a greater credibility.
Furthermore, an Anunnaki controlled artificial Moon might have allowed them to use it in some fashion to cause the E.DIN conditions of a “perpetual dawn” on planet Earth. The Moon could even be where Enoch might have gone for his schooling at Anunnaki University. [One wonders what the prerequisites are, or if the admission requirements are really tough. A rampant curiosity might be important.]
Finally, while the Anunnaki might have been the Gods and Goddesses of Sumerian and other ancient civilizations, it is also possible that the Anunnaki themselves might have had others to look up to and revere as superior beings. That may also be why they preferred the relative anonymity of having a natural looking space ship. Why not?
~~~~~And in the form of late breaking news...~~~~~
In <http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99992540> the New Scientist reports that while there is talk of a mission to Pluto, a competing project to visit the Moon’s south pole is causing concern among the Plutoniacs. Notably, the Moon’s south pole is the location of the deepest crater in the solar system, and a place that potentially exposes the Moon’s mantle. Known as Aitken Basin, the crater is the oldest impact feature known, such that the lunar mission’s intent is to cast light upon the “very early history of the Earth-Moon system.” Verrrrrrry interesting!
In the true spirit of Conspiracies, is it possible that there is less interest in seeing the Moon’s mantle, than in finding a door into the interior of an artificial Moon, and perhaps meeting the local lunatic Innkeepers? This might be a good plan, but why not also investigate the Mare Orientale crater located on the edge of what can be seen from Earth (yet included on maps of the far side), and precisely at the Hyperdimensional Physics magic latitude of 19.5 degrees? Part of the Moon’s Inertial Propulsion system?
Hey, when it comes to speculation, the sky’s the limit. Make that the Moon. Or even interstellar space. Hey... Let’s go for the galaxy! Next week, the Local Group. After that...?
 Paterson, A. M., “Giordano Bruno’s View on The Earth without a Moon”, Pensee, Portland, Oregon, Volume 3, Winter, 1973.
 Sitchin, Zecharia, The 12th Planet, 1976, The Wars of Gods and Men, 1985, Genesis Revisited, 1990, Divine Encounters, 1995, Avon Books, New York.
2003© Copyright Dan Sewell Ward, All Rights Reserved [Feedback]