

Maxwell's EquationsNew  March 20, 2004 James Clerk Maxwell is routinely considered one of the greatest physicists to have ever lived – viewed by most modern day physicists as being on the same rarified level as Sir Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. Einstein himself described Maxwell's work as the “most profound and the most fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton .” This is pretty fair praise. Fundamental to Maxwell's fame is a set of equations involving electromagnetism, which have come to be known collectively as “Maxwell's Equations”. [2] These equations are discussed in numerous websites, but Wikipedia [1] has one of the best presentations and explanations of the traditional four equations. (4/1/07) Of particular note is the fact that the Wikipedia article includes eight of the original Maxwell's Euqations. The fact there may have been twenty is, alas, not discussed. (See below.) Alternatively, the Hyperphysics site is also excellent, and notes in its introduction the following:
In truth the four equations traditionally included in the teaching of physics are more aptly named the “MaxwellHeaviside Equations” inasmuch as Oliver Heaviside reformulated Maxwell's original equations from a quaternion format into a simple vector format. Maxwell's original paper [4] consisted of 20 equations with 20 unknowns. According to Tom Bearden [5], Maxwell's 1865 paper had its quaternion equations reduced to vector notation  after a comparatively limited debate among some 30 scientists – a notation advocated by Heaviside, Gibbs, et al – after Maxwell was already dead.
Bearden [6] goes on to point out that:
In effect, the reduction of Maxwell's original theory from 20 equations to 4 – purely in order to make the mathematics a bit easier for the poor physicists – severely limits the capabilities of the original theory. This shows up dramatically in the Second Law of Thermodynamics, where the original equations were effectively “regauged” in order to force the theory to obey the law of conservation of energy. In all respects a return to the quaternion format in Maxwell's original equations seems likely to yield astounding results. Quaternions cannot simply be ignored any longer. [4/1/05] The other equations of the 20 equation set of quaternion equations may have boggled many a mind when they were first introduced, but as others have shown in modern times, the remaining equations may be very useful in engineering the exctraction of energy from the Quantum vacuum. If in fact the theory is left to its own merits, all manner of possibilities exist – effectively the same potentiality as displayed in Connective Physics. The key is in avoiding limiting assumptions whose only merits are those of mathematical simplicity. A corollary to this avoidance of blinders has been addressed at the University of Virginia , where an apparent exception to Ampere's Law was discussed – “When does Ampere's Law go wrong?” The critical factor was in the dynamic nature of the system.
The great flaw in mainstream physics today is that no one seems willing to look at the effects of accelerating fields. Adding a fourth term to the electromagnetic equations in fact yields such a condition, and lo and behold, conservation laws are redefined in a wholly connected and virtually unlimited universe. It's just the kind of thing Maxwell's Demon (and/or Tom Bearden [8]) could appreciate. _____________________________ References: [1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxwell's_equations [2] Technically, the four equations are separately entitled: “Gauss' law for electricity,” 2) “Gauss' law for magnetism,” 3) “Faraday's law of induction” and 4) “Ampere's law.” [3] http://hyperphysics.phyastr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/maxeq.html [4] James Clerk Maxwell, “A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London , 155 , 459512 (1865). [5] http://www.cheniere.org/correspondence/120403a.htm [6] http://www.cheniere.org/correspondence/011203.htm [7] http://www.phys.virginia.edu/classes/109N/more_stuff/Maxwell_Eq.html [8] Tom Bearden's website is: http://www.cheniere.org/ , where we find, among other things: http://www.cheniere.org/references/maxwell.htm
http://www.cheniere.org/books/efv/toc.htm provides a glimpse (especially 1.5.2; pages 5254 in Adobe format) of what Bearden thinks is wrong in electrodynamics. The Laws of Physics Assumptions Connective Physics Or forward to: Causality Objectivity Mathematical Theory 

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