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Homo sapiens sapiens

A significant event in the geologic record is the abrupt appearance a quarter of a million years ago of Homo sapiens sapiens.  In a revolutionary (and still controversial) article, Rebecca Cann [1] asserted that roughly 275,000 years ago, a single, solitary woman living in sub-Saharan Africa became the world’s one common grandmother.  Based on restriction mapping of Mitochondria DNA (which can only be passed maternally from the mother), the conclusion was of a single mother of mankind, i.e. “Eve”.   

More recently, R. L. Dorit, et al [2] have found no intraspecific polymorphism whatsoever in a gene paternally inherited, and concluded a date of the last common male ancestor of all humans currently on the planet to be 270,000 B.C.E.  Michael Brown, in his book, The Search for Eve [3], greatly expanded on these themes, tracing “Eve’s” birthday to between 140,000 and 290,000 years ago, and the origin and spreading out of Africa of her descendants between 90,000 and 180,000 years ago.  

According to: <http://www.people.virginia.edu/~rjh9u/adameve.html>, “Even though the studies refer to a single man or woman in the past, they do not imply that those people were a couple or even that they were the only parents of all humans. Their primary significance is in pointing to the time when anatomically modern human beings, Homo sapiens sapiens, evolved from a more primitive ancestor, generally thought to be an archaic form of Homo sapiens.”  

“Many anthropologists believe this transition happened in Africa and that the subspecies spread to other parts of the world, replacing more primitive foms of humans such as Homo erectus. Others, however, dispute the genetic evidence and argue that modern people evolved in many parts of the world as products both of the people already living there and of immigrants.”  

Meanwhile. other authorities in Carleton, California have noted:  “The evolution of Homo sapiens commenced approximately 200,000 - 300,000 years ago. The Homo sapiens structure is similar to that of the Homo erectus, yet Homo sapiens skulls were slightly rounder and larger.  Their teeth and jaws were noticeably smaller, which corresponds with, their fragile face. The Homo sapiens brain capacity averaged an impressive 1,350 cc, surprisingly the same size of todays humans.”  

Zecharia Sitchin [4] has provided extensive documentation on ancient Sumerian texts and their interpretation.  The massive evidence he has presented leads any open minded individual to the almost inescapable conclusion that a group of extraterrestrials called the Anunnaki were responsible for the genetic experiments (circa 250,000 B.C.E.) which transformed Homo erectus into Homo sapiens, by combining the Anunnaki DNA with the DNA of the early ancestor of man.  [Homo sapiens is Latin for “wise man”]  From there, presumably, man further evolved into the modern version, Homo sapiens sapiens.  

Laurence Gardner , in his book, Genesis of the Grail Kings, [5] has provided a detailed history of the legacy of Adam and Eve, their relation to the Sumerian Anunnaki, the patriarchs of the Old Testament (The Adam's Family), and the extraterrestrial connection throughout the earliest histories of the human race.  His conclusions are essentially the same as Sitchin’s, with the notable exception that Gardner has recognized the incredible importance of the “white powder of gold” (aka Star Fire, or ORME), which distinguishes the kings and patriarchs before the Flood and Deluge (aka the Sumerian King List and The Adam's Family) from other, possibly lesser humans.  

The Book of Genesis, which was written shortly after 600 B.C.E., and likely based on the Sumerian texts, also makes it clear that mankind was created by extraterrestrial being(s), which religions later identified as a single “God”.  This singular interpretation, however, does not reconcile the fact that there may have been more than one “god”, a fact which is mentioned specifically in Genesis 1:26, 3:22, 6:2, and 6:4.   

            “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness;...” “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.”    -- Genesis 1:26-27


            “And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:”    -- Genesis 3:22


            “And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them.  That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.  And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.  There were giants [“Nefilm”] in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of god came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown."    -- Genesis 6:1-4  

A careful and open-minded reading of the first book of the Bible supports both the theses of Gardner and Sitchin throughout -- although the Anunnaki are not specifically identified by name in the biblical texts.  Nevertheless, even the Jesuits of the Catholic Church have acknowledged the logical necessity of having at least two gods (if not more) in the story of Genesis.  The only alternative is to identify the one god as exhibiting the characteristics of schizophrenia or multiple personality syndrome.  

A logical question is that if mankind is the product of a genetic crossbreeding, is there any reason why the average human cannot attain a greater portion of the powers and longevity of one of his parent stocks, i.e. evolve to the next step:  Homo sapiens sapiens sapiens?

Off hand, I can’t think of a single  reason why not.  


Genesis         Annals of Earth         Epic of Gilgamesh

Forward to:

Homo sapiens sapiens sapiens         Adam and Eve

The Adam's Family         Deluge         Sodom and Gomorrah



[1]  Cann, Rebecca L., Stoneking, Mark, Wilson, Allan C., “Mitochondria DNA and human evolution”,  Nature, Vol. 325, January 1, 1987.

[2]  Dorit, R.L., Akashi, H., Gilbert, W., “Absence of Polymorphism at the ZFY Locus on the Human Y Chromosome,” Science, Vol. 268, May 26, 1995.

[3]  Brown, Michael, The Search for Eve, Harper Perennial, New York, 1990.

[4]  Sitchin, Zecharia, The Wars of Gods and Men, Avon Books, New York, 1985.  Also, Sitchin, Zecharia, Genesis Revisited, Avon Books, New York, 1990.

[5]  Gardner, Laurence, Genesis of the Grail Kings, Bantam Press, New York, 1990.



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